The Dayton Daily News notes an overnight frost quake centered around Darke County, Ohio on February 10, 2011.
The quake, or cryoseism as it’s known in scientific circles, occurs when moisture soaks into the soil and a quick freeze causes a sudden, even violent expansion and contraction. Darke County’s 911 director Brandon Redmond said the quakes erupted for eight hours Thursday, starting at 1 a.m. The heaviest reports were between 5:30-7:30 a.m.
A similar ice quake happened on Lake Mendota near the University of Wisconsin in 2008, close enough for a geology department seismograph to pick up a reading.
The Jan 31, 1986 This Week in NOAA describes the analysis of frost quake events in Maine.
The most thorough analysis I've found is Frost quakes as a particular class of seismic events: Observations within the East-European platform A. A. Nikonov , IZVESTIYA PHYSICS OF THE SOLID EARTH Volume 46, Number 3, 257-273, DOI: 10.1134/S1069351310030079 . Alas, subscription only; the abstract:
The group of quakes, which are caused by fast freezing of water-saturated soils or rocks at abrupt drop of winter temperatures often occurring in the middle and high latitudes of Eurasia, is considered. The review of little-known literature is given; the statistical data on the distribution of earthquakes in seasons and the time of day in various regions of Eurasia are presented. Special attention is paid to the East European Platform; using the data for this platform, with thorough consideration of reference quakes along with the weather conditions, the signs of a specific class of nontectonic seismic events are determined. The question concerning the necessity of the frost quakes’ discrimination in compilation of tectonic earthquake catalogues in certain regions is stated.
Translated from the original Russian, which is transliterated as Morozoboinye sotryaseniya kak osobyi klass seismicheskikh yavlenii (po materialam Vostochno-Evropeiskoi platformy). The dedication is
The tremors come, the tremors go, They love the wintry weather, With periods fast and periods slow – Perplexing altogether C.B. Hammond. The song of the seismologist. 1911.
The original Song of the Seismlologist is from the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.
More frost quake accounts, from 1908 in Connecticut